War and peace continue to play an enduring and important role in politics, particularly in international relations. What causes war? What are the different types of war? Relevance of force, deterrence, coercion, and war as political tools in the 21st century. How do we understand the changing nature of warfare in the face of rapid developments in technology and changes in society? How do nations meet their security needs in an environment of technology denials in various forms? What are the principles that govern national policies and war? What does international law, particularly the IHL have to say about current conflicts and wars? Why do wars begin and who initiates them? Only by understanding and looking for answers to these questions can we become better equipped to manage conflicts and wars and attain peace.
This session will introduce the participants to the historical and political concepts of war and address fundamental questions such as what war is, why nations fight and how should war be defined. Conflict and war in human history will be discussed using critical events like the Peloponnesian war and the Treaty of Westphalia and their impact and application to the establishment of modern states. The interaction will give the participants an insight into the theories of International Relations and the perspectives of George Herbert Mead, Thomas Hobbes, Kautilya, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Hans Morgenthau, Kenneth Waltz etc. Breaking away from the typical Euro-centric narrative, the session will delve into the Asian civilizational history including China’s warring states period and set the tone for understanding war from an Indian perspective. The session will also take a brief look at the international system and international organizations like the League of Nations and the UN and their role in prevention of war.
This session will discuss the conduct of war and its ethical dimensions. The participants will be introduced to the basics of International Human Rights Law, International Humanitarian Law (jus in bello) and jus ad bellum. The session will encourage the participants to analyse its effectiveness and compliance or the lack thereof through case studies of wars in Kosovo, Rwanda, Sri Lanka etc. from an International Humanitarian Law perspective.
This session will focus on the evolving nature of war in the 20th and 21st centuries. Decline in interstate wars (rise in proxy wars) and the rise of non-state actors will be studied to understand how these impact national policies. Concepts of deterrence, arms race, security dilemma, and balance of power will be studied – conceptual change from being ready to fight wars to preventing wars.
This session will focus on the analysis of conflicts and wars through the lens of a state’s national security priorities, foreign policy, current geopolitical climate and international system. Participants will be introduced to the rationale behind a state’s decision to engage in armed conflict through the study of strategy, war policy, and ethics by way of exploring the perspectives of theorists like Clausewitz, Machiavelli, Sun Tzu, Chanakya and Thiruvalluvar. Case studies like the Arab-Israel conflict, the India-China war, Israel-Palestine conflict and the Azerbaijan-Armenia war will be taken up to provide participants with an in-depth analysis on this topic. The different types of wars, conflict dynamics and changing nature of warfare, covered earlier, will be examined for its impact on policy.
Picking off from where the previous session concludes, the final session in the War and Policy capsule will focus on the overbearing influence of technology in the conduct of war and as a critical policy tool for leading powers. The historical trajectory of the use of technology in war and its role in determining current conflicts and politics will be explored. Participants will be introduced to concepts such as technology denial and technology dominance and be able to analyse how technical expertise, technological sovereignty and economic sovereignty influence wars and their outcomes. Towards the end of the session, participants will be exposed to an analysis of India’s national security challenges and the strategies necessary to overcome them. This section will also explore the efficacy and limits of policy in the face of contemporary conflict challenges.
Topic - Weapon Bearers: Soldiers, Mercenaries, Warriors/Fighters, Warlords, Child Soldiers, Partisans, Terrorists
Topic – India-Pakistan Wars and their impact on the Foreign Policies of India and Pakistan
|Duration||15 hours of Live Webinar|
|Course Timing||04:30 PM - 07:30 PM IST|
|Course Start Date||24 February 2022|
|Early Bird Offer (Students & Researchers) until 17th Feb 2022||1999.00|
|Students (U.G., P.G., Civil Service Aspirants), Researchers and Academic Faculty||3999.00|
|General Fees (Early Bird Offer of 50% Discount till 17th Feb, 2022)||7999.00|
|For Institutional Registration, Contact|